Jogja Return Monument (Monjali)

The sound of sirens sounded marks a break from the Dutch defense post. Under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Suharto, commander of Brigade 10 regions Wehrkreise III, began pounding the Dutch defense after obtaining approval from the Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX as the originator of the attack. Dutch troops that since the Dutch Military Aggression II in December 1948 was distributed to small outposts, scattered and weakened. During six hours of the Indonesian military (TNI) succeeded in occupying the city of Yogyakarta, after hitting the Dutch troops. Promptly at 12.00 noon, according to the plan, all military forces withdrew from the center of the city when the Dutch aid arrived. A major defeat for the Dutch.

The battle, known as the General 1 March Attack which is the first demonstration of the international world that the military still has the strength to hold the resistance as well as stating that the Republic of Indonesia is still there. This was triggered after the Dutch government has arrested and exiled Bung Karno and Bung Hatta to Sumatra, propaganda that the Republic of Indonesia had not existed.

News resistance for six hours was then rumored to Wonosari, forwarded to Bukit Tinggi, then Burma, New Delhi (India), and ends at the UN headquarters in New York. From this news, the United Nations who regard Indonesia has been an independent force held a Commission of Three Kingdoms (KTN). The meeting held at Hotel Des Indes Jakarta on 14 April 1949, Indonesia was represented by Moh. Roem and representatives of the Dutch-led Van Royen, resulting in an agreement signed on May 7, 1949. This agreement came to be called by agreement Roem Royen (Roem Royen Statement). In this agreement, the Dutch were forced to withdraw its troops from Indonesia, and to the President and Vice President, Soekarno-Hatta to Yogyakarta. Until finally on 27 December 1949 the Dutch formally hand over sovereignty to the Republic of Indonesia.

The Implicit and Explicit Meanings in Tetengger History

To commemorate the struggle of historical events, on June 29, 1985 built Monument Yogya Kembali (Monjali). Laying the first stone of 31.8-meter-high monument made by HB IX after performing a traditional ceremony planting buffalo head. Four years later, on July 6, 1989, the building was finished. Opening was inaugurated by President Suharto with the signing of the inscription.

The monument is situated in the hamlet of protruding, Sariharjo Village, District choosed, Sleman Kapubaten is shaped mountain, which became the symbol of fertility also has to preserve the cultural significance of prehistoric ancestor. Laying bangunanpun follow the culture of Yogyakarta, located on the imaginary axis connecting the Merapi, Monument, Palace, Stage Tritis Krapyak and Parang. “Macrocosmic Axis or Axis of Life” as Gunadi on YogYES. Imaginary point in the building which stands on 5.6 hectare of land can be seen on the third floor, precisely at the site of the founding of the flagpole.

Yogya Kembali Monument name typify the functioning again and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia as tetengger history of the Dutch army pullback withdrawn from the capital of Yogyakarta on June 29, 1949 and the return of President Soekarno, Vice-President Mohammad Hatta and other officials on July 6, 1949 in Yogyakarta.

Silent Aircraft Replica Up Space

Entering the area of ​​the monument is located about three miles from the center of Yogyakarta city, visitors are greeted by a replica aircraft Cureng near the east door and replica aircraft Guntai near the west door. Stepping up the podium in the west and east, visitors can see two-wheeled machine guns complete with the seats, before descending towards the foot of the mountain front yard monument. At the southern end of the courtyard stood a wall which contains 420 names of fallen fighters between December 19, 1948 until June 29, 1949, and his poetry Karawang Bekasi Chairil Anwar for the unknown heroes.

The monument is surrounded by a pond (moat) which is divided by four road towards the main building. The road linking west and east with the entrance floor that consists of four rooms that serve at least 1,000 collections on One in March, before the independence struggle to the city of Yogyakarta became the capital of Indonesia. Students’ Army uniform and chairs litter the Great General Sudirman are kept there. In addition, there is also the main meeting room, which is located adjacent room I. The room was a circle with a diameter of 25 meters is a functional room, because it is rented for seminars or weddings.

Meanwhile, the road north and south to connect with stairs to the second floor on the outer wall that circles the building is carved with 40 reliefs depicting the struggle of peoples from 17 August 1945 to December 28, 1949. Some historical events such as physical struggle and diplomacy since the proclamation of Independence, the return of President and Vice President to Yogyakarta and the formation of People’s Security Forces are pictured in the reliefs. While in the building, 10 dioramas encircling the building and picturing an imaginary situations when the Dutch attacked Maguwo on December 19, 1948, SU One March, Roem Royen Agreement, until the proclamation warning August 17, 1949 at Gedung Agung Yogyakarta.

The top floor is a quiet place a circle, equipped with a flagpole fitted with red and white flag in the middle of the room, relief of a hand depicting a physical struggle on the west wall and the struggle of diplomacy on the east wall. The room named Garbha Graha it serves as a place to pray and contemplate the heroes of their struggle.

During this struggle can only be heard through the history teachers at school, or the story of a grandfather to grandson. Yogya Kembali Monument provides a clearer picture of how independence was achieved. Considering the various dioramas, relief is engraved or collection of clothing to weapons ever used by freedom fighters. One place that will satisfy all the desires of knowledge about the way the Indonesian nation to achieve independence.

Schedule of visits:
Tuesday till Sunday: At 08.00 16:00
Monday: Closed
Entrance fee: Adult Rp.5000, Foreign Tourist Rp.7.500
Especially for groups (more than 30 people), the tariff cut of 10 percent. While the kindergarten child receives a discount rate of 50 percent per child.

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